Background: Strategic Targeting of Registries and International Database of Excellence (STRIDE) Registry (NCT02369731) is an ongoing, multicenter, observational registry providing data on ataluren use in nonsense mutation Duchenne muscular dystrophy (nmDMD) patients in routine clinical practice.
Objectives: We examined if nmDMD patients receiving ataluren plus standard of care (SoC) in the STRIDE Registry experienced a delay in age at loss of ambulation (LOA) versus DMD patients receiving SoC alone in the Cooperative International Neuromuscular Research Group (CINRG) Duchenne Natural History Study (NCT00468832).
Methods: Data were extracted on January 31, 2022. Propensity score matching identified STRIDE and CINRG patient cohorts (N=260) comparable in established predictors of disease progression: age at first symptoms; age at initiation of corticosteroid use; duration of deflazacort use; and duration of other corticosteroid use. Patients from CINRG who had received investigational drugs for DMD were excluded. Kaplan–Meier analyses were used to estimate age at LOA.
Results: The mean (standard deviation) ages at first symptoms in the STRIDE and CINRG cohorts (N=260 per cohort) were 2.8 (1.7) and 2.8 (1.5) years, respectively. Most patients (STRIDE vs CINRG) received corticosteroids for ≥12 months (85.0% vs 83.8%), with a similar proportion receiving deflazacort (47.7% vs 44.2%) or other corticosteroids (41.9% vs 43.5%). In the STRIDE cohort, 26.5% (69/260) of patients lost ambulation compared with 54.6% (142/260) of patients in the CINRG cohort. The median (95% confidence interval) ages at LOA (STRIDE vs CINRG) were 17.9 (14.8, not estimable) and 12.5 (12.0, 13.5) years, respectively. Kaplan–Meier analyses showed that ataluren plus SoC delayed age at LOA compared with SoC alone (p<0.0001). Conclusions: These Kaplan–Meier analyses showed that in routine clinical practice ataluren plus SoC delayed age at LOA by 5.4 years compared with SoC alone in patients with nmDMD.